FAMILY HEALTH

Everything You Need To Know About Typhoid read

Dec 02 2020

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Typhoid is a disease that causes high fever, vomiting, and diarrhea in the affected person. Infection by the bacteria Salmonella Typhi is the underlying reason for this disease. If not treated at the right time, typhoid can prove fatal.

The main mediums of infection are contaminated food and water. The disease is prevalent in areas where the sanitation conditions are poor and people do not wash their hands frequently.

Signs And Symptoms of Typhoid

The major signs and symptoms of typhoid show up usually between one to three weeks of getting infected with the bacteria.

A few symptoms of early illness are:

  • Very high fever
  • Pain in muscles
  • Headache
  • Dry Cough
  • Sweating
  • Appetite loss 
  • Deliriousness

Typhoid should be diagnosed and treated as soon as possible, as the complications of this disease can prove fatal. One thing to be noticed here about the symptoms is that sometimes symptoms may return even after half 15 days after your fever has receded.

 

Diagnosis of Typhoid

The diagnosis of typhoid is done by the doctor by knowing about the signs and symptoms of your condition. To check if you might have caught up the infection from a poorly-sanitized area, the doctor might ask about your recent travel history.

However, the most reliable way of diagnosing typhoid is performing a blood test or the test of some other body fluid and checking the presence of Salmonella typhi in it.

To perform a body fluid test, the doctor will take a sample of your fluid (stool, urine, blood, etc.) and will place it in a specific medium that supports the growth of bacteria in it. After some time, the culture will be checked with the help of a microscope to see if there are Salmonella typhi bacteria in it or not.

Another major test done to diagnose the disease is the antibodies test. Your blood will be tested to check the presence of antibodies to typhoid bacteria in it.

 

Typhoid Treatment

Typhoid treatment is done with the help of medicines. Once your diagnosis confirms the presence of typhoid, the doctor will start giving you medications that kill the bacteria. And once the course of medications is completed, your stools will be tested to check if the bacteria are present there in it or not.

 

Home Remedies of Typhoid

You can also treat typhoid through home remedies. Not only are these remedies easy to do, and cost-effective, but they can also treat your symptoms if you are already infected by the bacteria. A few remedies that you can do at your home by self are:

  • Intake of Fluid

You should keep taking fluids to prevent yourself from dehydrating. By sipping a lot of fluid, you eliminate waste materials and harmful toxins from your body at regular intervals. Other than that, you can take juices, soups, or coconut water.

  • Cold Compresses

If you are suffering from fever, a cold compress is one of the best ways to bring your temperature lower. Apply a cold compress on extremities like groin, hands, feet, armpits and you will see your temperature is getting lowered.

  • ORS

ORS solutions work best in most of the conditions that make a person weak, typhoid is one of it. You can buy sachets and tetra packs from a chemist’s shop or you can make an ORS solution at home by adding and mixing sugar and salt in well-boiled water.

  • Apple Cider Vinegar

Just like the ORS solution, apple cider vinegar also helps in diarrhea or diarrhea-like medical conditions. Apple cider vinegar helps in maintaining pH and the temperature of the body. The minerals that your body loses via stools are also compensated by apple cider vinegar.

  • Holy Basil

Holy basil is an antibiotic plant and helps in medical conditions in which the underlying cause is bacteria or some other kinds of microbes. Having boiled water with basil leaves 3-4 times daily helps in treating, even preventing typhoid.

  • Garlic

Garlic has very high antioxidant properties. This means that it can help in boosting your immunity and taking our harmful toxins from the body. To get the most of it, you can also take two cloves of garlic on empty stomach.

  • Bananas

Bananas contain a fiber that makes your intestine absorb fluid. In a condition like diarrhea, where fluid gets out of your body at a high rate, this fiber can help in retaining the fluid in the body. During typhoid, bananas are a must-have fruit to get better early.

 

Typhoid Prevention

Below are some of the easy yet effective prevention methods you can take to avoid getting infected with typhoid:

  • Wash your hands at regular intervals with soap and water. You can also clean your hands with alcohol-based sanitizer.
  • Do not drink untreated water as it could be contaminated.
  • Avoid eating raw vegetables and unpeeled fruits as they may have been washed with unsafe water.