What do Third Party Administrators (TPA) mean in Health Insurance?


Feb 28 2023


Health insurance has become an essential aspect of modern life. With rising healthcare costs, it is critical than ever to have adequate coverage. Health insurance provides individuals with financial coverage and peace of mind, ensuring that they are prepared for any unexpected medical expenses. However, navigating the complexities of health insurance can be daunting, especially when handling claims and payments. This is where Third Party Administrators (TPAs) come in.

In this blog, we will provide a comprehensive understanding of TPAs in health insurance and discuss their role, types, and their advantages. Additionally, we will delve into how TPAs work and the processes involved in selecting, claiming, paying, and resolving disputes with TPAs.

What Are Third Party Administrators (TPAs) In Health Insurance?

  • Definition Of TPAs In Health Insurance

A TPA is a third-party organisation that holds a license from the IRDA or the Insurance Regulatory Development Authority to process insurance claims, and provide cashless facilities and customer service on behalf of an insurance company. By managing these services on behalf of the insurance company, TPAs work as intermediaries between the health insurance provider and the policyholders, ensuring that the claims process runs smoothly and efficiently.

  • Role of TPAs In Health Insurance

TPAs play a crucial role in managing various aspects of health insurance. They maintain vital records of policyholders in a dedicated database and offer seamless back-end support. TPAs also ensure that the policyholders' claims are processed accurately. Furthermore, TPAs oversee hospital networks and ensure that the hospitals meet the criteria for becoming part of the network, thereby facilitating claim settlement without any hassle. Several TPAs offer a range of value-added services such as specialised consultations, ambulance services, medical supplies, wellbeing programs, lifestyle management, 24-hour toll-free helplines, health facilities, and more.

  • Types Of TPAs In Health Insurance

There are a few types of TPAs in health insurance. The first type works exclusively with insurance providers, while the second kind of TPAs collaborate with insurers and other third-party claims investigators.

  • Benefits Of TPAs In Health Insurance

TPAs offer various benefits to policyholders. They provide a streamlined and efficient claims process that minimises errors and delays, ensuring that policyholders receive their claims promptly and without any hassles. Moreover, TPAs offer a single point of contact for policyholders, simplifying the claims process and keeping them informed about their claims' status on time.

How Do TPAs In Health Insurance Work?

  • Understanding The TPA Selection Process

The process begins with the insurance provider selecting a TPA that aligns with their needs and requirements. The TPA is then responsible for managing the claims process, ensuring that policyholders' claims are processed accurately and efficiently.

  • Understanding The TPA Claims Process

Once a policyholder files a claim, the TPA is responsible for verifying the claim and ensuring that it meets the terms and conditions of the policy. The TPA will guide the policyholder to a network hospital, where they can avail cashless treatment. If the policyholder gets treated at a non-network hospital, they will need to pay the bills out of their pocket and later apply for reimbursement. The TPA will issue an authorization letter to the hospital, which allows the hospital to track the case.

  • Understanding The TPA Payment Process

Once the policyholder gets discharged, the hospital will send all the bills to the TPA for payment. The TPA then sends all the relevant documents, including bills, to the insurer for processing. The TPA processes the payment to the policyholder if the claim is approved. If the claim is rejected, the TPA provides the policyholder with a reason for the rejection and steps to rectify the issue.

  • Understanding The TPA Dispute Resolution Process

In the event of a dispute, the TPA acts as a mediator between the policyholder and the insurance provider, ensuring that the issue is resolved amicably. The TPA investigates the issue and provides a resolution that aligns with the terms and conditions of the policy.


TPAs are an integral part of health insurance in India. With the help of TPAs, policyholders can have peace of mind knowing that their health insurance claims are handled efficiently and effectively.

ManipalCigna, one of India's leading healthcare insurance providers, has established an extensive network of TPAs throughout the country. This ensures that their customers have access to the highest quality of service.



Q. What is a TPA in health insurance?

A. Third Party Administrator (TPA) in health insurance refers to an independent company hired by health insurance providers to manage certain services on their behalf. These services can include processing claims, providing customer support, and managing payment transactions.

Q. How do TPAs in health insurance differ from insurance companies?

A. TPAs in health insurance are independent companies hired by insurance providers to manage certain services, while insurance companies provide health insurance policies. TPAs understand and handle multiple aspects of the claims process, while insurance companies provide coverage and underwrite the policies.

Q. What are the benefits of TPAs in health insurance?

A. TPAs offer multiple benefits to health insurance policyholders. These include a streamlined and efficient claims process, a single point of contact for policyholders, timely updates on claims, and hassle-free payment transactions.

Q. How do I choose a TPA in health insurance?

A. When selecting a TPA in health insurance, choosing one that aligns with the insurance provider's needs and requirements is important. In addition, the TPA should be able to manage the claims process efficiently and provide timely updates on the same.

Q. What should I do if I have a dispute with my TPA in health insurance?

A. In case of a dispute, it is crucial to bring the matter to the attention of your TPA and attempt to resolve it. If the issue still remains unresolved, you can then approach the insurance provider and escalate the matter to them.

Q. Is it good to have TPA in health insurance?

A. Yes. TPA in health insurance provide policyholders with a streamlined and efficient claims process, a single point of contact, and hassle-free payment transactions.

Q. What does a Third Party Administrator do?

A. A Third Party Administrator manages certain services on behalf of health insurance providers. These services can include processing claims, providing customer support, and managing payment transactions. TPAs act as intermediaries between the insurance provider and policyholders.

Q. What are the disadvantages of TPA in health insurance?

A. Some potential disadvantages of TPAs in health insurance include additional costs for policyholders, as TPAs charge fees for their services. Additionally, there may be issues with the quality of service provided by the TPA, which can impact the claims process.